Columbia ISA

  Audio – Video

Wiring Diagrams

Google SEARCH Columbia ISA Audio Video Site

5 Ways to hookup a DVD Player

Streaming TV and devices

How to get Surround Sound from streaming TV

How to play CD on TV

How to add wireless Wi-Fi to a desktop PC

Cable TV Digital Terminal Adapter Box

RF Modulator :

RF Modulator Recoton :

DVD- connect VCR :

Hookup Diagrams


How do I connect my DVD Player to my TV

How you connect DVD to TV depends on which connections are available on the DVD and the TV.

DVD Player rear panel

The yellow video out and the white(Left) and red(Right) audio out are the composite outputs. These 3 cable connections to the TV is all you need for sound and picture.

The green(Y), blue(Pb) and red(Pr) video outputs give a better picture so if your TV has these inputs, use them to connect. This is the component video. You also need the white(Left) and red(Right) audio outputs for sound.

The HDMI out will give the best picture and the audio is included in this single cable connection to a TV with HDMI inputs.

TV rear panel

The yellow RCA composite video input on the left and the two audio inputs, white and red just below provide one option to connect the DVD player to the TV. The green component RCA video input just above the yellow input and the blue and red video inputs to the left are a second option. You also need the white and red audio inputs below the blue and red to connect DVD player to TV using the component video option. So component requires a total of 5 RCA cables.

Newer TVs have mostly gone HDMI only. To connect DVD to TV using HDMI, connect a single HDMI cable from DVD HDMI out to TV HDMI input.


1. Composite Video and analog stereo audio GOOD
2. Component Video and analog stereo audio BETTER
3. HDMI video and audio - BEST

You only need one of the above 3 connections, either 1 or 2 or 3. Choose HDMI if your TV has HDMI inputs and your DVD has an HDMI output. Choose component if your TV has component video inputs or choose composite if your TV only has composite video inputs. If your TV only has RF antenna connections, use a RF modulator to connect.

If you want surround sound, such as Dolby Digital 5.1, you have 3 connection options.

1. Coaxial RCA (orange) - GOOD
2. Optical Toslink - GOOD

You can sometimes use adapters to connect where outputs and inputs are incompatible.

5 Ways to hookup a DVD Player

Composite video connection

1. Composite video (yellow) and stereo audio (white and red)

The composite connection uses 3 RCA cables, one for video and two for audio. Yellow is video and white is the left stereo channel and red is the right stereo channel. If your TV only has one audio input port, use the white cable. The red cable will not be connected. Connect yellow cable to DVD yellow OUT and connect the other end to yellow input port on TV. Same for white cable, connect white to white DVD OUT and other end to white audio input on TV. Same with red, red OUT on DVD to red audio input on TV.

DVD to TV hookup is very easy if your TV has yellow video and white/red audio input jacks. Many DVD players come with the cable to make this connection.

Connect yellow on DVD to yellow on TV matching the colors, next white on DVD to white on TV and next red to red.

Newer TVs are eliminating the yellow RCA input but still offer alternative connections for a composite video input. One of these alternatives is the 3.5mm AV input port which uses a combo plug adapter cable for the 3 RCA cable connection. The other alternative allows the yellow video cable to be connected to a green component video input port. Some TVs offer a dual connection option with the green video port so that you can connect a green video or a yellow video cable and then the two audio cables (white, red). Look for a green/yellow color coded input port on the TV rear panel.

Select the correct TV input source

Be sure to select the correct input on the TV for the DVD connection using the TV remote. Usually this is the SOURCE button or INPUT button on the remote. Scroll through the input options and select the DVD connection input. This could be shown as AV or Component or HDMI 2 etc on your TV. Power on the DVD player, insert a disc, press play and then scroll through the TV inputs until you see a picture from the DVD player.

TV with 3.5mm AV input jack

For those TVs which have a 3.5mm combination Audio Video input and no standard RCA inputs, you can use a RCA conversion cable to connect the DVD player.

Connect older DVD player without HDMI to newer TV with HDMI inputs.

Using a AV to HDMI adapter, you can connect an older DVD player to a newer TV.

How to connect DVD player to TV

DVD Player Connection to Older TV

Coaxial Cable RG-6

For an older TV with only a RF VHF/UHF antenna input or a twin lead antenna connection: Use an RF Modulator

An RF Modulator takes the RCA 3 cable composite video and audio inputs and modulates them to an RF analog coaxial output to TV channel 3 or 4. Also there is an RF antenna coaxial input which goes to the TV through the RF coax output.

RF Modulator has RCA composite (yellow, white, red) inputs (DVD player) plus a coaxial input (ANTENNA) and a coaxial output to TV. Connect RG-6 coaxial cable from RF Mod coaxial output to the TV coaxial antenna port. The output can be analog TV channel 3 or 4. Switch the TV to channel 3 or 4.

For a TV with only twin lead, use a RF Modulator and a TV balun (75 ohm to 300 ohm) Switch TV to channel 3 or 4.

Adapters to connect to HDTV Smart TV

Connect old DVD player to smart TV with rca to hdmi adapter

Your Smart TV only has HDMI inputs. Your old dvd player has no hdmi output.

Two port RCA to HDMI adapter

Connect DVD audio to stereo for better sound than from TV.

Component video connection

2. Component video (green, blue, red) and stereo audio (white and red)

The component video connection uses 3 video cables. For audio, the white and red RCA cables are connected for sound. So there are five cables in all for this option. Component video will yield a better image than composite and component video is capable of high definition video where composite video is limited to standard video resolution.

Component video cable connection to TV

Most DVD players will have component video outputs. If your TV has these inputs, you can connect using green, blue, red video and white and red audio cables.

Component Video Cables are a great choice for connecting your DVD player and high-end television. The coax conductor's foil and copper braid shield helps reduce unwanted noise and distortion. The color-coded connectors attach to an ultra-flexible jacket allowing for easy installation and identification. By using Component Video Cables, you bypass the TV's Y/C separator and Color Decoder, routing the color (Y Pr Pb ) information directly into the TVs matrix decoder. By sending the pure DVD component video signal directly to a component video input-equipped display device, the DVD signal forgoes the extra processing that normally would degrade the image. The result is increased image quality over composite video.

HDMI connection for DVD to TV

3. HDMI uses one cable for video and audio. HDMI is capable of the highest video resolution and the best audio.

The best way to hookup a DVD player to a smart TV is to use an HDMI connection. Some new DVD players will even provide the HDMI cable.

Need more HDMI inputs?

Use a HDMI switch box to connect all your HDMI devices and switch between them to the TV. Even comes with a remote control.

Surround Sound Connections

Audio Video Receiver

For surround sound, you use either an optical cable hookup or a coaxial RCA cable hookup or use HDMI. For surround sound, you need an audio video receiver with attached loudspeakers or you can use a soundbar.

1. Coaxial RCA cable for audio

The digital audio coaxial connection port can be colored orange or black and can be found on DVD players, audio video receivers, soundbars and other audio gear. It will be labeled COAXIAL or DIGITAL OUT or IN. It is common to find coaxial and optical ports side by side since they both serve the same purpose. A coaxial digital audio connection supports uncompressed PCM stereo 2-channel audio and DTS and Dolby Digital 5.1 surround sound. It does not support multi-channel LPCM or Dolby Digital Plus or Dolby TrueHD or Dolby ATMOS or DTS:X. You need HDMI for these audio formats.

2. Optical audio cable connection

The Toslink S/PDIF uses a fiber optic cable for audio signals which uses light instead of electricity to send audio information. Optical has the same audio capabilities as coaxial but is less affected by interference and can use longer cable lengths.

Adapters for audio cable connections

You can get adapters to convert digital audio to analog audio, analog to digital and optical to coaxial and coaxial to optical. Convert coaxial audio cable connection into optical audio connection.

If you need to connect a coaxial output to an optical input, you can buy a coaxial to optical converter. Some converters work both ways so you can go optical to coaxial as well however some converters only work one way so be sure to check before buying.

Audio connections to Audio Video Receiver

For better sound and to decode surround sound such as Dolby Digital 5.1, choose from digital coaxial or optical cable connections or for 2-channel stereo, connect RCA white and red audio cables to an analog audio input (white and red) on the AVR or soundbar.

3. HDMI Connection for Surround Sound

HDMI connection diagram for surround sound

The audio video receiver (AVR) will decode and process the surround audio from the DVD player while the video is sent to the TV. The decoding/processing stage involves splitting the audio into multiple channels and sending to the speakers. The attached loudspeakers are placed around the listener for enhanced sound experience. The studios have a choice as to which audio formats they put on a disc.

AVR surround speakers connections

The AVR should be capable of passing the best video resolution for your TV. Use the ARC/eARC HDMI port on the TV if available. If your TV does not have ARC (Audio Return Channel) then use an optical connection to the AVR for audio from the TV sources such as over-the-air broadcast TV. Be sure to select the correct input source on the AVR and the TV. Also be sure to select the correct audio output format on the DVD player and the AVR.

Audio Formats: menu settings

PCM or Bitstream
PCM audio is the standard for CD and DVD and also for Blu-ray. PCM is an uncompressed audio format so there is no loss in sound quality, but the big disadvantage is it takes up a lot of space on the disc. HDMI has the bandwidth for 8 channels of uncompressed PCM audio while optical and coaxial only have the capability for 2 channels of uncompressed audio.

The Bitstream setting means the raw compressed digital audio information is sent from the player to the receiver for decoding. A receiver set to bitstream will activate the AV processor to detect any encoded surround sound format that it receives from the player. The AVR processor will then decode, convert to analog, amplify and send to the proper speaker channel. Some of the most common surround sound codecs that take advantage of bitstream include Dolby Digital, Dolby Digital EX, Dolby Digital Plus, Dolby TrueHD, Dolby Atmos, DTS, DTS-ES, DTS 96/24, DTS HD Master Audio, and DTS:X.

How to hookup DVD player for surround sound

If your TV only has an RF input jack, you need to get an RF modulator or video switchbox to make the connection.

Video and Audio Inputs (Figure 1) are required on your TV set to directly hookup a DVD Player. If your TV has only a coax cable connector (Figure 2) for an antenna or cable TV hookup, then you will need an additional device to connect any DVD Player to your television. This device can be an RF modulator or a video switchbox.

Figure 1

Figure 2

An RF modulator can be used to connect a DVD Player to an older model TV that has only an Antenna / Cable input and no RCA Video or Audio Inputs. Simply plug the Composite Video and Stereo Audio cables from the DVD Player into the RF Modulator, and then use a standard coax cable to connect to the TV. This setup works like a VCR, in that the TV is then set to channel 3 or 4, depending on the output setting of the RF Modulator. The RF Modulator also acts as a pass-through for the TV's antenna or cable hookup.

It is likely that there will be problems connecting a DVD Player to the video inputs of a VCR due to the player's Macrovision copy protection. This is meant to prevent copying commercial DVD Movies to VHS tape. To connect a VCR and DVD Player to a TV with no Video Inputs, use the RF Modulator and hook both devices up to the unit's Video Inputs and then the output to the TV.

Hookup Diagram shows DVD and VCR connection to RF modulator and to TV.
For analog cable TV channels, you can use the VCR's cable ready tuner and you do not need a cable box. Cable TV providers are moving to digital cable TV channels which will require a cable box to tune digital channels. The hookup diagram below details the cable connections for this setup.

Digital Cable Box - Hookup Diagram with VCR, DVD and TV.

Tune cable TV channels on the cable box. Select channel 3 (or 4) on the VCR and the TV.
If cable box has no RF output, then connect yellow and white RCA cables from cable box output to VCR yellow and white RCA inputs and select the VCR's Line input using VCR remote control.
This RF Modulator from Amazon allows connection of an audio video component to a TV without a jack.

RF Modulator Recoton DVD647, available at major electronics retailers:

The RF Modulator is ideal for TVs not equipped with an A/V jack. It's used for connecting a DVD player, video game system, camcorder, or other A/V component that does not have an RF (coaxial) output to a TV which only has an RF input. It also features an RF input for connecting a cable TV signal or antenna signal.

The RF Modulator allows the use of DVD players, video game systems, camcorders, and other video components when your television is not equipped with audio/video jacks. The device combines audio/video line-level signals into an RF output signal (necessary for televisions with only a 75-ohm RF coaxial input). It offers a separate antenna/cable TV input that eliminates the need for switching cables back and forth; a channel 3 or 4 output selector switch that ensures compatibility with most televisions and an Auto sensing A/B switch that automatically switches back and forth between antenna and video source.

If you have a video game and a dvd player but only one TV connection, use a RCA switchbox to connect multiple devices to TV. Then you can switch between devices without having to reconnect each time. These RCA AV switchboxes can have 4, 8 or more inputs for all your devices.

Hookup Diagrams

Audio Video Connections, cable types

Video switch box hookup diagram

See over 100 Hookup Diagrams

Columbia ISA - Empowering consumers through information.

How to get Surround Sound from streaming TV

HDTV Antennas

Surround Sound

Audio and Video cable connections


Bluray surround sound

Bluray players internet Netflix

Bluray BD-LIVE

Bluray HDTV

Bluray Samsung players

Bluray Sony players

Bluray Sony players

Hookup cable box VCR

Cable connections

Cable connections cable TV

Cable connections DVD

Cable connections HDTV

Hookup diagram DVD recorder


Audio cassette to PC copy

Analog TV VCR hookup diagram

Satellite and Cable TV

HDMI switch A/V receiver

Hookup DVD Tivo switchbox

Digital tuner U.K.

U.K. freeview

Cable TV Music channels

Hookup diagram Bravia Xbox 360

Satellite DVD TV hookup

TV VCR DVD Cable diagram

Combo HDTV satellite hookup

Hookup DVD cable box

FTA TV DVD VCR diagram

HDTV HDMI hookup diagram

HTIB VCR TV hookup

Hookup iPod to Stereo



Hookup TV 2VCR

Hookup TV DVD A/V receiver

Hookup diagrams Index of 100

DVD Introduction

DVD Players

DVD player buying

DVD player connection

DVD Primer

DVD RF Modulators

DVD Sound


DVD player trouble

Easy HDTV hookup guide

Easy DVD hookup guide

HDMI switchbox

HDMI Versions

HDTV Facts you should know

HDTV Screen Size


How to hookup camcorder

Hookup diagram HDTV DVD surround

How to add great sound to HDTV

How to add great sound 5.1

How to buy a pre-paid cellphone

How to hookup audio/video receiver

How to install cable DSL modem

How to install HD cable box

How to install PCI card

How to setup surround DirecTV

Internet-Ready TV

How to connect laptop to TV

Network Windows PC

Home Network

How to connect PC to Stereo

How much does it cost to run my TV

RF Modulator

RF Modulator Hookups

Surround Sound

Surround Sound Glossary

How to hookup surround sound

Surround Sound using HDMI

How to hookup TIVO

TIVO video recorder





TV hookup Cable Antenna

TV introduction

Satellite diagrams

Satellite hookup

VCR and cable hookup diagrams

VCR Basics

VCR basics 2

VCR HDTV hookup

Video connection diagrams

Video RF Modulator

Video switch box

Columbia ISA Audio Video
Empowering consumers through information